Kazakhstan suffered more than 450 Soviet nuclear weapons tests at the Semipalatinsk site beginning August 29, 1949 and ending on that date in 1991 when Kazakhstan’s first and current President Nursultan Nazarbayev, responding to the voices of the Kazakh public, shut down the site.
Those 42 years of testing, however, inflicted great suffering on the Kazakh people and environment. Tests negatively affected the health of more than 1.5 million Kazakh citizens including many who, to this day, in the first and the second generations, suffer early death, lifelong debilitating illness and horrific birth defects. Vast areas of the region surrounding Semipalatinsk, roughly the land size of Germany, were contaminated in one degree or another and are now just beginning to come back to life.
Following the closure of the Semipalatinsk site, Kazakhstan soon also renounced what was then the world’s fourth largest nuclear arsenal and has since become a world leader in the fight to permanently end nuclear weapons testing and, ultimately, to build a nuclear weapons free world and. In 2012, the country launched The ATOM Project, a global initiative to help bring into force the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and show world leaders that the public worldwide is united in its desire to eliminate the nuclear weapons threat. And on December 2, 2009, at Kazakhstan’s initiative, the United Nations unanimously declared August 29 the International Day against Nuclear Tests.
“The resolution calls for increasing awareness and education ‘about the effects of nuclear weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions and the need for their cessation as one of the means of achieving the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world.’ The resolution was initiated by the Republic of Kazakhstan, together with a large number of sponsors and cosponsors with a view to commemorate the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test site on 29 August 1991. The Day is meant to galvanize the United Nations, Member States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, youth networks and the media to inform, educate and advocate the necessity of banning nuclear weapon tests as a valuable step towards achieving a safer world,” according to a statement by the UN.
This August 29, marking the 25th anniversary of the closure of the Semipalatinsk site, Kazakhstan is calling for a moment of silence to honor nuclear weapons testing victims and will be hosting, along with Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (PNND) in its capital city Astana, a major conference focusing on further steps towards a world free from the threat of nuclear annihilation.
The conference will be addressed by President Nazarbayev and will gather leading parliamentarians, prominent political leaders, diplomats and disarmament experts, as well as religious leaders and civil society representatives from around the world to discuss further steps towards global nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament.
“We are calling for people around the world to observe 11:05 a.m. their local time as a moment of silence,” ATOM Project Honorary Ambassador Karipbek Kuyukov said. “That time was chosen because the clock hands show a V, which stands for victory. This moment is meant to signify a victory of common sense over fear and a victory for global efforts towards a nuclear-weapons-free world.”
On August 29 four years ago, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev addressed a major international parliamentary conference in Astana and launched The ATOM Project as a way to generate global popular support for a permanent end to nuclear weapons testing and, ultimately, the abolition of nuclear weapons.
More than 260,000 people from over 100 countries have signed the petition. And The ATOM Projects hopes to reach 300,000 signatures by this year’s August 29 remembrance. To sign, please go to www.TheAtomProject.org
Ridding the world of nuclear weapons is an effort supported by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon who noted that the world has “witnessed a substantial growth of interest in better understanding the catastrophic humanitarian effects of nuclear weapons.”
In a special statement devoted to the 2014 International Day Against Nuclear Tests commemoration, UN Secretary General said: “Together, let us demand an end to all nuclear tests and get on with the unfinished business of achieving a world free of nuclear weapons.”
Kazakhstan knows well those catastrophic human consequences. From 1949 to 1991, the USSR conducted more than 450 nuclear weapons tests at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in eastern Kazakhstan, causing the illness and premature death of more than 1.5 million people and contaminating a huge area.
In the second part of the 20th century, nuclear tests were conducted by the Soviet Union, the United States, China, France and Britain as they developed their nuclear arsenals, as well as India and Pakistan.
And as recently as last January, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, defying United Nations Security Council resolutions, drew international condemnation when it conducted another nuclear weapons test.
In a statement dedicated to the fifth annual observance of the International Day Against Nuclear Tests in 2014, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon noted the importance of focusing the world’s attention on ending nuclear testing.
“On this International Day Against Nuclear Tests, the international community reaffirms its commitment to secure the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which would prohibit all nuclear explosions. This would mark a welcome step toward a world without nuclear weapons,” Ban said in a statement.
Ban also called on countries themselves to act unilaterally to end nuclear weapons testing.
“I also call on all countries to refrain from nuclear tests, the use of new nuclear weapons technologies or any action that would defeat the object and purpose of the CTBT,” Ban added.
The ATOM Project is an international petition campaign designed to unify support for an end to nuclear weapons testing and world free from nuclear weapons.
The Project puts a human face on this global issue by telling the stories of the survivors of nuclear testing. To this day, children are born with severe deformities, illnesses and a lifetime of health challenges as a result of exposure generations ago to nuclear weapons tests.
“We have an opportunity to once more remind the world about the tragic consequences of nuclear testing and to push the global community towards more decisive actions to achieve a final and definitive ban of such testing,” President Nazarbayev told the conference in Astana in August 2012. “Under the [ATOM] Project any human being on Earth who stands against nuclear weapons can sign an online petition urging governments of the world to abandon nuclear tests forever and ensure early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. I urge the participants of the conference and all people of goodwill to support The ATOM Project and make the creation of a non-nuclear weapons world our main goal.”
“We hope the August 29 Global Moment of Silence will bring the world one step closer to that goal,” Kuyukov, himself a second generation survivor of nuclear weapons tests and a famous armless artist, said.
Source The ATOM Project