2012 was a significant year for Kazakhstan and the year ended on a high note when, on December 14, the President outlined the “Kazakhstan 2050” strategy which will shape the direction of the country over the coming decades, the news agency Kazinformsays in a review of the past year.
In his December address to the nation, President Nazarbayev recalled the uncertainty of the early days of sovereignty following the declaration of independence in 1991, and reviewed the achievements under the “Kazakhstan 2030” strategy which was adopted in 1997. The Kazakhstan 2030 vision consolidated sovereignty and enabled the establishment, over a remarkably short period, of a modern economy, the foundations of a social state and a new form of social consciousness.
On that solid foundation, the economy grew from strength to strength, with a 16-fold increase in GDP over 15 years to KZT 28 trillion (USD 186 million) by 2011. A stable national gold reserve was created to underpin economic security, while citizens experienced a significant increase in living standards as average net monthly income and pension increased by nine and ten times, respectively.
The overarching achievement of Kazakhstan 2030 has been to replace uncertainty with confidence, so that the new generation of Kazakhstanis who were born during the early years of independence and are now entering the workforce, can face a hopeful future and take pride in developing their country even further, guided by the vision of Kazakhstan 2050.
The principal aim of Kazakhstan 2050 is for Kazakhstan to enter the ranks of the 30 most developed countries in the world by 2050, the year adopted by many countries around the world as the horizon for strategic planning.
The many achievements of 2012 have positioned Kazakhstan well to embark on the ambitious new strategy. The January 2012 election was a major milestone in the country’s democratic development, leading to the first multi-party Parliament, with three parties represented and the leading Nur Otan party retaining its strong majority.
From January 1, the Single Economic Space between Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus came into effect, opening the way to increased trade and economic integration. The potential for further regional integration was signalled as Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan clearly indicated their intention to join the Customs Union and the Single Economic Space.
As the year advanced, the social agenda came to the fore in July when the President set out the 20 Steps to a Society of Universal Labour program; work has begun on implementing measures aimed at achieving a modern economy which will have social justice at its core and will remain resilient in the face of crisis. The legal and judicial reform program started in 2010 gained pace, as a report on re-certification of law enforcement officials announced in August that one-third of senior managers across all law enforcement bodies in Kazakhstan are to be replaced.
August brought joy and celebration as the nation united in support for Team Kazakhstan, which took 12th place overall at the London 2012 Olympics.Gold medals were won by race cyclist AleksandrVinokurov; weightlifters Zulfiya Chinshanlo, Maiya Maneza, Svetlana Podobedova and Ilya Ilin; track and field athlete Olga Rypakova; and boxer Serik Sapiyev. A silver medal was won by boxer Adilbek Niyazymbetov and bronze medals by freestyle wrestlers Gyuzel Manyurova and Akzhurek Tanatarov; Greco-Roman wrestler Daniyal Gadzhiyev and boxers Ivan Dychko and Marina Volnova.
Kazakhstan’s year drew to a successful close when Astana won the bid to host “Expo-2017” on the theme of “Future Energy”. Preparations are already underway for a major global event which will advance the socio-economic, scientific and technological development of Kazakhstan and provide an international showcase for the development of sustainable energies.